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Reading AND PHOnics

Preparing for the Phonics Screening Check

Here are some support materials to help you support your child in preparation for the Y2 Phonics Screening Check in Autumn 2020 and the Y1 check in Summer 2021.


What is the Phonics Screening Check?

The Phonic Screening Check checks that children can read words and non-words containing their Set 1, 2 and 3 sounds. Here are some useful videos that we have made of the sounds the children need to know so that you can work on them at home too.

Speed Sound Videos - Set 1, Set 2 and Set 3

Speed Sounds Set 1

Speed Sounds Set 2

Speed Sounds Set 3


Phonics Videos

 Here is a link to the Ruth Miskin website which has many other useful phonics and reading videos and information.

Reading at Globe

At Globe our core purpose is for our children to become lifelong readers who have a genuine love of reading. 

We want children to ...

How is reading taught at Globe?

In every class throughout the school all texts have been specially selected with the purpose to support children in their reading development.

These may be ...

Children who are mastering reading competencies and require more challenging texts with a wider range of titles, genres and authors, experience ...

All classrooms have attractive book areas where from a very early age children are taught to scan and choose their favourite story or text of interest. In addition to this children read stories each day at story time and are expected to read with parents each night and to record what they have read in the school’s ‘Reading Together’ home reading journal. It also provides opportunities for parents to write comments about how they feel their child’s reading is developing (reading together tips/guidance).

Once a week all children visit and borrow a book of their choice from the school’s library as well as regularly take ‘home’ reading books from the class library and/or ‘levelled’ book boxes. All children throughout the school (with the exception of Nursery) are provided with their own copy of the text they are currently studying in class in which they can practice and gain further understanding at home. 

Read Write Inc (Early Years and KS1)

From Early Years and into KS1 we use a reading programme called ‘Read Write Inc’ which fulfils all the reading requirements of the National Curriculum.

Within the programme (see link: reading/writing activities) children are grouped according to their reading abilities and are regularly assessed to measure their progress. When progress is made they move through the book levels: 


Sound play

 Ditty (*)




Pink (*)




Grey (*)

End of Reception









End of Year 1









End of Autumn term, Year 2









(*) See link for an example of the text and activities carried out throughout. 

Children’s reading progress is assessed by the ‘Reading Leader’ who is an experienced senior member of staff.

The children are assessed for accuracy, fluency and understanding of the texts from the range of texts they have studied within that book level. If successful they then move up to the next book level. When all the texts in Grey Level (13 stories) have been studied, and assessment is successful, the children come out of the programme and join the ‘genre’ group where they follow the school’s Literacy scheme of work. When a child enters a new book level parents are immediately informed.  

If children have difficulties in remembering particular sounds or require extension work to develop their fluency or comprehension skills then they will attend 1:1 sessions with a member of staff that will enable them to ‘keep up’ with the programme’s daily activities. 

Here are some videos that demonstrate how phonics are taught in school.

What is Read, Write, Inc. Phonics?

Understanding Phonics

How to say the sounds?

Help Your Child to Read with Phonics Booklet

Early Years

Children begin their love of books in Nursery.

Attractive and inviting books with colourful illustrations and photographs are continually shared among adults and children whether indoors or outdoors and pertinent to the play activity they are involved in. When sharing the books adults model how to be a reader by using expression, intonation and gestures: all of which add to the engagement and ‘fun’ of reading. Adults will also use books to show children how they can be applied in everyday circumstances such as; reading a recipe when cooking a cake, reading instructions when learning how to play a game, reading an information book to find out how a car works or reading a funny poem to perform in class assemblies.

Children are also taught how to handle books and become familiar with the way books work - for example, role-playing an adult reading to the class by turning the pages, telling the story using pictures and saying phrases such as “Once upon a time”. Using story props, children are encouraged to use the stories they hear in their play as well as discuss the characters actions, predict the outcomes, suggest alternative endings and compare events in the stories with their own experiences.

In Reception, children continue to enjoy listening to a range of books daily and are taught to retell stories using correct sequence of events and applying its language pattern. They develop understanding that print carries meaning and in English, is read from left to right and top to bottom. Children also show an understanding of the elements of stories such as, the main character, variety of openings and how information can be found in non-fiction texts to answer questions about where, how, why and how. 

Phonics begins in Nursery where children listen to and join in with rhymes, alliteration, singing and clapping games, all very important activities which teach children to discriminate between and recognise sounds. Then, when appropriate the children move into small phonics groups where they are taught to recognise, read, pronounce and write sounds.

In Reception, children apply reading skills that are taught within the Read, Write Inc programme. This includes learning a new sound, hearing and say and sounds in the order they appear in a word and to use this knowledge to write simple ‘regular’ words and make phonetically plausible attempts at more difficult words. Every day, the children will learn to read a sight word; these are words that cannot be completely sounded out (known as ‘High Frequency Words’), (High Frequency Words List 1) and practise naming the letters of the alphabet. Children are also taught comprehension skills where they search for answers within the text as well as develop skills in providing opinions based on the events read.

Reception Phonics Home Learning Overview - A guide to what is sent home

Help Your Child to Read with Phonics Booklet

Key Stage One (Years One and Two)

In KS1 children continue to develop their reading skills where they spend an hour and fifteen minutes each day in their English groups.

Based on one text throughout the week, all children participate in the following reading activities ...

First Read
story familiarity and sounding words
Second Time
to develop comprehension skills
Third Time
to develop fluency, expression and reading with punctuation 

Once children have finished the Read, Write Inc program they are then taught more advanced reading skills through daily English lessons and regular guided reading.

Guided reading is when a group of similar ability children read the same text with a ‘given’ focus such as, recognising how texts are structured, making inferences on the evidence read in a text, predicting what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far and knowing how metaphors/adjectives create images for the reader. The children also begin to record the books they have read in class in their ‘Reading Journals’ which they will continue to use up till the time they leave school in Year 6. 

In addition, the children will further develop and apply phonic knowledge; accurately read words with two or more syllables and words containing common prefixes/suffixes; develop fluency and speed reading and read more irregular spelt words such as, thorough, reign, separate, imagine. They will understand how paragraphs are constructed and how specific language and punctuation is used to build up tension and effect. There will also be more opportunities to discuss and express their views about what they have read, re-tell a range of stories and develop skills of intonation when reciting a repertoire of poems that have been learnt by heart.  

Please click here to go to 'The Globe Curriculum' page where the Curriculum Overviews show what English is taught in Year One and Year Two.

Key Stage Two (Year Three to Six)

In Key Stage Two, children build upon the reading skills learnt through a daily literacy lesson where guided reading is taught three times a week along with an extended weekly grammar lesson.

The children also use the Accelerated Reading Programme where children take a computer based reading test after reading a book which assesses their reading comprehension and rewards their efforts (see link). Children continue to borrow books from the school library and those who read widely are given a Kindle tablet which is loaded with a range of books of their choice.

For children who are at the early stages of reading or who are finding reading difficult we have interventions such as Direct Phonics, Literacy Catch Up, Push Start, 1:1 Reading and Reading Volunteers to support their progress.

Children continue to apply their phonic knowledge to root words, prefixes and suffixes, both when reading aloud and to understand the meaning of new words. Children develop skills in using dictionaries and thesaurus’s, and identifying words and phrases that capture the reader’s interest and imagination.

Please click here to go to 'The Globe Curriculum' page where the Curriculum Overviews show what English is taught in Year Three, Four, Five and Six.

Throughout Key Stage 2 children take part in the Accelerated Reading Programme where, once they have read a book, they take an on-line reading quiz which checks how well they have understood what they have read. The guide below gives an overview of the programme and how it works.

Accelerated Reading - An Introduction for Parents

Globe Must Reads - A Parent Guide

Their positive attitude towards reading is further developed by ...

When reading independently children understand what they read, by ...

How do we assess children’s reading progress at Globe?

Reading is assessed each term for all children and progress is recorded, tracked and monitored.

Once children can proficiently comprehend a variety of texts (usually in Year 2) they start to partake in termly reading comprehension tests which the teachers analyse and identify individual targets which address the gaps in their understanding and/or application.  

There are three statutory reading assessments which have to be taken and these outcomes are reported to parents:

Y1 – A Phonics Screening

Children have to read 40 words:

20 of which are nonsense words in all which assesses children’s phonic knowledge. This test is usually taken in late June. A parents meeting is held in April where the ‘check’ requirements are explained in full (see Link).

Y2 – A Reading Test

Children take a reading comprehension test in May which covers fiction and non-fiction texts. 

A parents meeting is always held to explain the test requirements and how it is administered, and to address any concerns.

Y6 – A Reading Test

Along with a Spelling, Grammar and Punctuation test, and Maths tests, children also take a Reading Comprehension test.

This test covers fiction, non-fiction and poetry, and is taken in May. A parents meeting is held to explain the test requirements and how it is administered, and to address any concerns. 

How do we promote reading at Globe?

We continually strive to instil a love of reading in all children by having regular well established, enjoyable and exciting reading based activities and events which promote and strengthen the reading abilities in our school, for example;

This is just a taster as loads more happens in school. Below are some materials to explain some of what we do at school and resources to help parents support children’s reading at home. 

How to pronounce phonic sounds - http://www.ruthmiskin.com/en/resources/sound-pronunciation-guide/

Booklet ‘Help your child to read with phonics’

Word List years for Reception, Y1, Y2, Y3 and Y4, Y5 and Y6

Accelerated Reading - https://ukhosted4.renlearn.co.uk/1893647/  

Also found in our On-Line Home Learning Page

Phonics screen check (example from 2013)

Activities for children learning from Ditty books

Activities for children learning from Green, Purple, Pink and Orange story books

Activities for children learning from Yellow, Blue and Grey story books

Core reading books

Ideas to practice at home (activities for responding to reading) – Y1

Ideas to practice at home (activities for responding to reading) – Y2

Ideas to practice at home (activities for responding to reading) – Y3

Ideas to practice at home (activities for responding to reading) – Y4

Ideas to practice at home (activities for responding to reading) – Y5

Ideas to practice at home (activities for responding to reading) – Y6

Alan Peat sentences

Reading tips for parents when at home with your child

The English Curriculum

Key Stage 1 & 2 English Curriculum Overviews

Y1 Curriculum Overview

Y2 Curriculum Overview

Y3 Curriculum Overview

Y4 Curriculum Overview

Y5 Curriculum Overview

Y6 Curriculum Overview

Must Reads

Our Must Reads are a significant part of our reading provision and are explained in detail on the following page.  Please click here to take you to our Must Reads page.

Globe Must Reads Parent Leaflet